Sunday will mark the twenty-sixth anniversary of Aldous Huxley's death, an occasion for mourning that was upstaged at the time and will continued to be upstaged, at least for most people, by the assignation of John F. Kennedy, which occurred a few hours before Huxley's passing. Indeed, his doctor, according to Nicholas Murray's Aldous Huxley: A Biography, was absorbed in watching the news coverage of Kennedy's assassination during Huxley last hours, when he was high on LSD, a drug that his second wife, Laura, had administered to him earlier in the day.



Most of those who will remember Huxley will remember him, unless some shift in social consciousness turns future readers' attention onto one of his many other books, as the author of Brave New World (1932), a book that has, like his passing, been upstaged, this time by another novel that imagines a dystopian future, that is, Orwell's Nineteen Eighty-Four (1949), the apparently superior vision of the future that awaits us, if not in 1984 perhaps in 2084.


Huxley himself seems to have foreseen the power of Orwell's view but continued to prefer his own. In October of 1949, he wrote Orwell, who had asked his publisher to send Huxley a copy of Nineteen Eighty-Four, that his novel was "profoundly important," but later in the same letter, Huxley observed, "Whether in actual fact the policy of the boot-on-the-face can go on indefinitely seems doubtful. My own belief is that the ruling oligarchy will find less arduous and wasteful ways of governing and of satisfying its lust for power. And these ways will resemble those which I described in Brave New World."


Huxley may have been suggesting a progression from an Orwellian dystopia, which couldn't indefinitely last with its boot-on-the-face approach, to a Huxleyan one. If so, he provides an explanation for those who would come to believe that Orwell, not he, was right. (Of course, Orwell would seem more correct before the stage that would be followed by his prediction began.) These days, there seems to be a growing feeling--one first pointed out to me by the Playful Librarian, whose post on the subject can be read at Huxley was more correct than those in the twentieth century realized.


Perhaps the most important publication to suggest Huxley's wisdom is Neil Postman's Amusing Ourselves to Death, the forward of which notes, "We were keeping our eye on 1984. When the year came and the prophecy didn't, thoughtful Americans sang softly in praise of themselves. The roots of liberal democracy had held. Wherever else the terror had happened, we, at least, had not been visited by Orwellian nightmares.


"But we had forgotten that alongside Orwell's dark vision, there was another--slightly older, slightly less well known, equally chilling: Aldous Huxley's Brave New World. . . . [I]n Huxley's vision, no Big Brother is required to deprive people of their autonomy, maturity and history. As he saw it, people will come to love their oppression, to adore the technologies that undo their capacities to think."


Huxley seems to have been wrong about the boot-on-the-face stage, if that is what he was suggesting would precede his own dystopian vision in his letter to Orwell, at least in the America context. People here seem perfectly happy to ignore what is on in Washington so long as their pleasures--or if they have insurance and are healthy, their healthcare--are not interfered with. Elsewhere, however, the progression Huxley seems to suggest would occur may seem to be more accurate. A few years after the fall of the Soviet Union, one of my graduate-school professors lamented the Russian embrace of frivolous gadgets, noting that those who had suffered Soviet oppression seemed to be abandoning their chance for freedom in favor of being sedated in the same way Americans allow themselves to be.


It's time, it seems, to take Brave New World seriously, something earlier reviewers, for the most part anyway, could not even bring themselves to do, one calling it "a thin little joke, epitomized in the undergraduate jest of civilization dated A.F., and a people who refer reverently to 'our Ford.'"



Albert Rolls
by DMB89 on ‎11-17-2009 10:32 AM

This article but more importantly Huxley's "Brave New World" is more relevant in America today than ever before.  Let us turn our attention to the warnings that Huxley lays out in his masterpiece and perhaps we can save ourselves!

by Moderator Melissa_W on ‎11-17-2009 01:58 PM

Huxley should also be remembered for Crome Yellow which highlighted the disparities between appearance and reality of high society.


In addition, both Orwell and Huxley owe an immense debt to We - a dystopic novel by Yevgeny Zamyatin, circulated in the samizdat press in the 1920s.  I find We far less sensationalist than either Brave New World or 1984.

by on ‎11-17-2009 02:07 PM

Let us not forget Huxley's influence on the Lizard King!

by Blogger Albert_Rolls ‎11-17-2009 02:24 PM - edited ‎11-17-2009 02:26 PM

Of course, Huxley should be remembered for more than Brave New World and perhaps I'm being a bit pessimistic by thinking that most only know that one novel. Let's hope I'm wrong. 


Melissa, look back at the July 6th post on Whitman. I was very happy to forge a connection between We and "Song of Myself" but you are right to call attention to We's importance for Huxley's and Orwell's novels.

by Moderator Melissa_W on ‎11-17-2009 02:54 PM

That was a good Whitman post :smileyhappy:  I've been slowly reading through Elaine Showalter's A Jury of Her Peers where she makes numerous connections between Whitman and female writer's of the 1850s.


Back to Huxley!  Did you (Albert, anyone) think Brave New World Revisited was necessary?  It's a long essay, rather than an extension of the novel, and I've always felt it never adds anything to the discussion raised by Brave New World.

by Blogger Albert_Rolls ‎11-17-2009 03:13 PM - edited ‎11-17-2009 03:29 PM

Necessary? I guess not really, but I love reading books that riff off other books or nonfiction books about books, so I'm pleased Revistited is there to be read. It's the lit-crit geek in me, I guess. I would probably leave it off a list of recommendations, however, unless I was making that list for someone with a lit-crit geek in them. (See how Huxley tried to put his idea to use almost 30 years later kind of thing.)

by wilderbeest on ‎11-23-2009 07:04 PM

Thanks for the timely article, Albert. I enjoyed reading and reflecting on it. I think I'll actually get around to reading Brave New World sooner now after years of putting it off, resting on my laurels of having read Orwell's vision and many other dystopian novels (among my favorite kind of writing).

by Blogger Albert_Rolls on ‎11-26-2009 01:53 AM

Hi Wilderbeest. Have fun, and if you get a chance, you should also pick up Zamyatin's We. Both Huxley and Orwell, as Melissa points out above, were influenced by it. I think Huxley more so, but my memory of Orwell may have just been dimmer than my memory of Huxley when I was reading We. In any case, Zamyatin novel is interesting. 

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